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Home » What's New » Diabetes and Eyesight

Diabetes and Eyesight

Are you aware that diabetes is the main cause of blindness among men and women aged 20-74 years? If not, you are not alone. Since 2008, over four million people in North America suffering from diabetes were found to have blindness caused by diabetes. Out of those tested, seventy thousand were afflicted with severe diabetic retinopathy, which can lead to total loss of vision.

Exactly, how crucial is it to be tested for diabetic retinopathy?

Having a diagnosis of diabetes is the first risk factor. Anyone in this category should ensure that they have an eye exam yearly. The longer the disease remains unmonitored, the stronger the danger of diabetes caused blindness. Quick treatment is vital in terms of halting further damage.

Pregnant women that are afflicted with diabetes have a better likelihood of developing diabetic retinopathy. It is advisable to schedule a comprehensive dilated eye test after diagnosis as well.

You may wonder why all the panic? Wouldn't you notice if you were losing your sight?

Well the answer surprisingly is no. There are different kinds of diabetic retinopathy, and only those in the acute phases are obvious. Advanced diabetes may have no symptoms. Macular edema is another diabetes caused disease resulting in extreme sight loss, which can develop without any noticeable symptoms. This is a reason that early diagnosis is critical to saving yourself from irreparable injury.

A comprehensive test will seek out indications of diabetic retinopathy. There are distinct phases to this exam which will detect the typical clues, including damaged nerve tissue, swelling of the retina, and leaky blood vessels. What is involved in a comprehensive eye test?

Firstly, you will get a visual acuity test by means of an eye chart that is used to assess how correctly you are able to see at varying distances. This is the same as the visual acuity tests given by your eye doctor, should you need corrective lenses.

In a dilated eye exam, the optometrist puts drops in your eyes to dilate your pupils. Though not a favorite of most patients, it can save you deterioration in your sight in 10-15 years. This practice makes it feasible to check a larger part of the inside of your eyes to check for unique clues that indicate the likelihood of diabetic retinopathy. The cursory discomfort could save your vision.

Take care of your eye sight. Even a little complacency might cause irreversible loss. If you are diabetic, it is crucial to schedule an eye exam with an optometrist without further delay.